A Photographic Collection of Rex A. Moore

Dublin Core

Title

A Photographic Collection of Rex A. Moore

Subject

Jackson County (Miss.)
Kreole (Miss.)
Moss Point (Miss.)
International Paper Company
Southern Paper Company
African Americans--Segregation--Mississippi.
Black-and-white-photography--20th century.
Blacks--Segregation.
Blacks--Segregation--United States.
Company Picnics
Machinery--Equipment and supplies
Mississippi--Jackson County
Paper industry--Southern states
Paper industry workers
Paper industry workers--Southern States--History--20th century.
Paper industry workers--United States.
Picnics--1930-1950.
Picnics--1940-1950.
Picnics--United States--1930-1950.
Segregation
Segregation--1940-1950.
Segregation--1940-1960.
Segregation--1940-1970.
Segregation--United States.
Segregation--Southern states.
Segregation--United States--1940-1950.
Segregation--United States--1940-1960.

Description

Patrons are advised that this collection contains materials that depict
segregation and racism.
This collection is comprised of 191 black and white, 8x10 photographs.
Information donated with the collection states that the photographs depict the
50th anniversary celebrations of the International Paper Moss Point Mill, in
Moss Point, Mississippi. A date of June 1948 gives a general time frame of
the celebration. Due to segregation at the time and context clues from the
photos, it is assumed that the celebration lasted for at least a few days as there
are separate tours of the facilities for the white and black communities.
Including separate picnics as well. Many photographs have duplicates
associated with them in this collection. Photographs have photographer
information stamped on the back and many have tag lines attached to the front
giving a description of the image.
Rex A. Moore was born March 2, 1897 to Council D. Moore and Corinne
Ann Krebs. Rex's father died in January 1900 when he was three years old.
The family lived in Jackson County where they stayed throughout Rex's life.
Mr. Moore served in World War I. He began working at the Moss Point Paper
Mill circa 1920 as an Assistant cashier. Rex would eventually become a Mill
Agent, 1928, for the International Paper Company Mill at Moss Point. He
served as Mill Agent until he retired in 1963.
Mr. Moore passed away on January 9, 1969 at the Veteran's Administration
Hospital in Gulfport, Mississippi. He had suffered from a long illness before
his passing. Mr. Moore had been an active civil servant during his life,
participating in civic clubs such as the Elks Lodge and the Knights of
Columbus. He is buried in the Machpelah Cemetery, Pascagoula, Mississippi.
International Paper Company was formed on January 31, 1898 when eighteen
pulp and paper mills across the Northeastern United States joined together
under one name. The Company had an immediate demand for paper to fill
due to the invention of the Walter Rotary printing press in 1868 and the
increase in availability of free education to the masses. Illiteracy rates began
dropping in many areas across the country. This social change caused a great
expansion in the demand for newspapers, books, and magazines. The
invention of other innovations such as paper bags and wax cartons also
increased demand for paper products by 1895.
In the 1920's, International Paper was seeking to diversify its business which
led to the creation of the Southern Kraft Division which spanned from
Arkansas to South Carolina. Kraft paper, originally developed in Germany in
1884 in an attempt to reduce the production costs of cooking liquor for the
soda pulp process; salt cake was substituted for the more expensive soda ash.
This resulted in the creation of sulphate pulp, which was named "kraft,"
meaning "strength" in both Swedish and German.
In 1928, International Paper purchased a local mill in Laine (now Kreole),
Moss Point, Mississippi from Southern Paper Company. Diversifying proved
to be a wise decision during the years of the Great Depression as the Southern
Kraft Division still managed to earn a profit from kraft products despite the
economic collapse and would later provide the capital needed for a full scale
expansion of the company and its facilities. The Southern Kraft Division
produced Fourdrinier kraft container board, commonly known as cardboard,
and bleached kraft paper during this time. Despite its success with kraft
container board, the Moss Point mill faced uncertainty during the Depression,
closing for nine months, reopening, and then closing again for another six
months for 1932 to 1933. The mill eventually reopened in 1934 with
upgraded machinery and a plan to produce bleached kraft paper which would
make it the first mill in the Deep South to successfully produce the paper
from local Mississippi pines.
Not only did International Paper provide jobs for many South Mississippians
during the depression and thereafter, but it even did its part during World War
II to help ships that were unable to dock and deliver supplies by developing
specially constructed and strengthened kraft paper cartons, of which Moss
Point mill did its part to produce, to allow the supplies to be dumped
overboard and carried to shore by the tide, thus allowing the supplies to reach
land intact. By 1955, the Moss Point mill constructed a primary waste water
treatment system to remove settle able solids from mill effluent. This was
long before water treatment was required by industry regulations, making the
Moss Point mill ahead of its time.
Unfortunately, the Moss Point mill was short lived. Eighty-eight years after
its completion in 1913, under ownership of Southern Paper Company, the mill
was closed in 2001 due to high facility costs and the need to align production
with its customer demand.

Creator

Beebe, Spencer

Publisher

Singing River Genealogy-Local History

Date

1948 June

Relation

Generations of Pride: A centennial History of International Paper, G MS 976.2 Jackson Generations
International Paper Company after fifty years, 1898-1948, G MS 976.2
Jackson International
International Paper Moss Point Mill, G MS 976.2 Jackson International
MS-Jackson Co-International Paper Company Newspaper Articles

Format

Black and white photographs

Language

English

Identifier

2017.10

Is Part Of

The Photographic Collection of Rex A. Moore was digitized by the Mississippi Digital Library during a Knight Grant. The digital surrogates can be viewed at: http://collections.msdiglib.org/digital/search/searchterm/2017.10%20Rex%20A%20Moore/field/all/mode/exact/conn/or/display/200/order/date/ad/asc

Extent

191 photographs

Medium

5 folders

Accrual Method

Donated

Provenance

Photographs were donated by Harry Bragg Moore Jr. Date of donation is
unknown. Collection was found in library July 2017. Backs of photos were
stamped with Spencer Beebe's studio stamp.

Collection Tree

  • A Photographic Collection of Rex A. Moore